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Table Of Contents  CertiGuide to Security+
 9  Glossary

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C

CAST (Carlisle Adams Stanford Tavares)

Symmetric block cipher defined in RFC 2144

http://www.cis.ohio-state.edu/cgi-bin/rfc/rfc2144.html

Certificate

A verifying electronic object which authenticates a person, entity, or file. The digital equivalent of a notarized signatures Refer to Digital Certificate

Certificate Authority (CA)

A body which issues digital certificates, and verifies they are valid

http://searchsecurity.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid14_gci213831,00.html

Chain of custody

A method of proving integrity of evidence collected

http://www.4n6links.com/appendix.htm

Chain of evidence

The accumulation of proof admissible in court that proves the conclusions of the forensic investigator

http://www.dis.unimelb.edu.au/staff/atif/AhmadPACIS.pdf

Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol (CHAP)

More secure than PAP. Uses a one way hash function. Has the ability to re-challenges during the session.

See RFC 1334; refer to PAP.

http://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/0,,sid9_gci213847,00.html

http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc1334.html

Confidentiality

Controlling information so that only those authorized to see the data actually do and no one else

http://www.ifi.uio.no/~abie/security.htm

Cookie

A plain text file stored on a client's hard drive and used by a browser. Cookies are used to store user preferences and sometime data. Cookie harvesting may give a users credit card data or other information away if it is stored in a cookie

http://searchsecurity.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid14_gci211838,00.html

http://help.mindspring.com/docs/005/cookies/CHDDECBH.php3

Certificate Practice Statement (CPS)

The policies and practices a certificate authority uses

https://www.verisign.com/repository/CPS1.1/CPSCH13.HTM

Certificate Revocation List (CRL)

The serial numbers of public key certificates that have been revoked

http://www.entrust.com/resources/glossary.htm#c

Ciphertext

Text encoded so it cannot be read by unauthorized readers

http://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/0,,sid9_gci213853,00.html

Cryptanalysis (Crypto analysis)

The study of secret code systems aimed at breaking the code without having access to the code

http://searchsecurity.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid14_gci214432,00.html

CTL (Certificate Trust List)

A set predefined items that have been signed by a CA

http://www.sdsusa.com/dictionary/glossAZ/c.htm#certificatetrustlist


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