The star topology carries this name because it looks like a star, with rays extending from a center point. Another way to think of it is that of a wagon wheel. The center of the wagon wheel is the hub, with spokes radiating from the hub. A PC is connected to each spoke.
While this requires a centralized location for the wiring, called a wiring closet, the advantage is that in the event of a cable failure, only the PC on that cable is affected. Contrast this to the bus network, identified next.
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