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Table Of Contents  CertiGuide to Network+
 9  Chapter 0101:  TCP/IP
      9  VIII  Services and Applications

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TFTP
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FTP

FTP (File Transfer Protocol) is a protocol that allows files to be uploaded and downloaded. Remember this protocol runs on PORT 21.

This protocol allows files to be transferred directly and quickly over the Internet by connecting directly to the host or IP address that has the file to send. If you are receiving then the connection is made to your IP address or host.

The command line FTP.EXE program can be used to communicate with servers that speak this protocol. Alternately, several shareware programs offer a GUI interface to make this process easier.

PORT Numbers

Port numbers
are valid test questions. A FTP server monitors port 21 for a request from a client (host) computer. The client begins by opening a TCP (virtual circuit) session with the FTP server. The four most common actions are: get, put, in binary or ASCII.



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