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Table Of Contents  CertiGuide to A+ (Operating Systems)
 9  Introduction and “Guide to the Guide”
      9  CompTIA A+ OS Technologies Exam Blueprint

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Domain 2.0: Installation, Configuration and Upgrading
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Domain 1.0: Operating System Fundamentals

1.1 Identify the operating system functions and structure and major system files to navigate the operating system and how to get to needed technical information:

  • Major Operating System functions
    • Create folders

    • Checking OS Version


  • Major Operating System Components
    • Explorer

    • My Computer

    • Control Panel


  • Contrasts between Windows 9X and Windows 2000 Major system files:
    • What they are

    • Where they are located

    • How they are used

    • And what they contain


  • System, Configuration, and User Interface files
    • IO.SYS

    • BOOT.INI

    • WIN.COM

    • MSDOS.SYS

    • AUTOEXEC.BAT

    • CONFIG.SYS

    • COMMAND LINE PROMPT


  • Memory management
    • Conventional

    • Extended/upper memory

    • High memory

    • Virtual memory

    • HIMEM.SYS

    • EMM386.exe


  • Windows 9x
    • IO.SYS

    • WIN.INI

    • USER.DAT

    • SYSEDIT

    • SYSTEM.INI

    • SETVER.EXE

    • SMARTDRV.EXE

    • MSCONFIG (98)

    • COMMAND.COM

    • DOSSTART.BAT

    • REGEDIT.EXE

    • SYSTEM.DAT

    • RUN COMMAND

    • DriveSpace


  • Windows 2000 Computer Management
    • BOOT.INI

    • REGEDT32

    • REGEDIT

    • RUN CMD

    • NTLDR

    • NTDETECT.COM

    • NTBOOTDD.SYS


  • Command Prompt Procedures (Command syntax)
    • DIR

    • ATTRIB

    • VER

    • MEM

    • SCANDISK

    • DEFRAG

    • EDIT

    • XCOPY

    • COPY

    • FORMAT

    • FDISK

    • MSCDEX

    • SETVER

    • SCANREG

1.2 Identify basic concepts and procedures for creating, viewing and managing files, directories and disks. This includes procedures for changing file attributes and the ramifications of those changes (for example, security issues).

Content may include the following:

  • File attributes

  • Read Only, Hidden, System, and Archive attributes

  • File naming conventions (Most common extensions)

  • Windows 2000 COMPRESS, ENCRYPT

  • IDE/SCSI

  • Internal/External

  • Backup/Restore

  • Partitioning/Formatting/File System

  • Fat

  • Fat 16

  • Fat 32

  • NTFS4

  • NTFS5

  • HPFS

  • Windows-based utilities

  • ScanDisk

  • Device manager

  • System Manager

  • Computer Manager

  • MSCONFIG.EXE

  • REGEDIT.EXE (View information/Backup registry)

  • REGEDT32.EXE

  • ATTRIB.EXE

  • EXTRACT.EXE

  • DEFRAG.EXE

  • EDIT.COM

  • FDISK.EXE

  • SYSEDIT.EXE

  • SCANREG

  • WSCRIPT.EXE

  • ASD.EXE (Automatic Skip Driver)

  • Cvt1.EXE (Drive Converter FAT16 to FAT32)

  • HWINFO.EXE

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Version 1.0 - Version Date: January 7, 2005

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