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Table Of Contents  CertiGuide to A+ (Core Hardware)

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I  Introduction to Chapter 0000
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Chapter 0000:  The Start of the PC

“Patience is the companion of wisdom.”
-- Augustine


Chapter Objectives

The objective of this chapter is to provide the reader with an understanding of the following:

1.2 Identify basic procedures for adding removing field replaceable modules for both desktop and portable systems.

  • Storage Devices; Processor/CPU; Memory; Input Devices

  • Hard Drive; Keyboard; Video Board; Mouse

1.3 Identify available IRQs, DMAs, and I/O addresses and procedures for device installation and configuration.

    • Hexadecimal/addresses

1.6 Identify proper procedures for installing and configuring SCSI devices.

    • Expansion slots; EISA, ISA, PCI

    • Jumper block settings (binary equivalents)

3.2 Identify issues, procedures and devices for protection within the computing environment, including people, hardware and the surrounding workplace.

    • Proper methods of storage of components for future use

4.1 Distinguish between popular CPU chips in terms of their basic characteristics.

    • Popular CPU chips (Intel, AMD, Cyrix)

    • Characteristics; Physical size; Voltage

    • Speeds; Sockets

4.2 Identify the categories of RAM (random access memory) terminology, their locations, and physical characteristics.

    • Terminology: DRAM (dynamic random access memory)

4.3 Identify the most popular types of motherboards, the components and architecture (bus structures and power supplies)

    • Bus architecture: ISA; PCI; AGP; VESA local bus (VL-bus)


Getting Ready - Questions
  1. The first “computer” was built for the ____ census.

  2. The expansion bus in an Altair has ___ pins.

  3. ISA expansion cards can be installed in an EISA slot. True/False

  4. ___ - bit ISA cards can be installed in a ___-bit ISA slot

  5. Both _____-_______ and ___ are 32-bit buses.






Getting Ready - Answers
  1. 1890

  2. 100

  3. True

  4. 8, 16

  5. Micro, Channel, PCI


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CertiGuide to A+ (Core Hardware) ( on
Version 1.0 - Version Date: December 6, 2004

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