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Table Of Contents  CertiGuide to A+ (A+ 4 Real)
 9  Chapter 14: Networks
      9  What is a Network?
           9  Protocol Standards

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Windows Internet Naming Service (WINS)
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TCP Ports
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Name Resolution Using the Hosts File

The final method of name resolution is via a “hosts file”. This is a simple text file that contains a list of IP addresses, and the FQDN’s they correspond to. Windows NT, 2000, XP and 2003 have 2 versions of the hosts file, “hosts” and “lmhosts”, which can be found in the C:\WinNT\System32\Drivers\etc directory (or C:\Windows\System32\Drivers\etc for Windows XP and 2003).

Figure 437: Name Resolution via Hosts File

 


Typically there is little need to use a hosts file, and DNS or WINS should always be used in preference. Microsoft provide another file, “lmhosts.sam”, that contains extensive information on the syntax and use of a hosts file. It can be found in the same directory as the hosts file.


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Windows Internet Naming Service (WINS)
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TCP Ports
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