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Table Of Contents  CertiGuide to A+ (A+ 4 Real)
 9  Chapter 5: The Linux Operating System

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The Help System - Man Pages
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Common Commands
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Basic Concepts and Procedures for Creating, Viewing and Editing Files and Directories

This section will cover the basic commands needed to interact with the file system including such activities and listing directory contents, creating files, managing access permissions to those files, and listing and editing files. Although it includes a limited number of commands, it does include all the important functions a system user or administrator would need to know to use efficiently the command line to manage file activities.

Let’s start with a list of basic file system commands, as shown in Table 11.


Table 11: Basic Linux File System Commands

Command

Frequently used options

Description

cat

 

Concatenate files and print on the standard output

cd

 

Change working directory

cp

-i interactive

 

-r recursive

Copy files or directories

head

+n

Output the first part of files

less

 

Similar to more but with aditional functinality

ls

-a include hidden files

 

-l long format

List directory contents

mkdir

 

Make directories

more

 

View files

mv

-i interactive

 

-r recursive

Move (rename) files

pwd

 

Print name of current/working directory

rm

-i interactive

 

-r recursive

Remove files or directories

rmdir

 

Remove directory which must be empty

tail

 

Output the last part of files

Quick navigation to subsections and regular topics in this section



Previous Topic/Section
The Help System - Man Pages
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Common Commands
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